nail diseases chart

It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Discoloration of the nail is common; the skin under the nail can seem reddish-brown. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. See pictures of … Take up the quiz below and get to see how much you understand these disorders and how one can live or deal with them. Biting your nails may be nothing more than an old habit, but in some cases it's a sign of persistent anxiety that could benefit from treatment. "Mayo," "Mayo Clinic," "MayoClinic.org," "Mayo Clinic Healthy Living," and the triple-shield Mayo Clinic logo are trademarks of Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. The image shown is of an individual with chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis. View our slideshows to learn more about your health. Did you know that your fingernails can provide clues to your overall health? Slide show: 7 fingernail problems not to ignore. Pink or red nails may suggest polycythemia, SLE, carbon monoxide poisoning (cherry red), angiomas, or malnutrition. Onychogryphosis. Nail pitting can also be related to connective tissue disorders, such as Reiter's syndrome, and alopecia areata — an autoimmune disease that causes hair loss. The lunula is the half-moon shape at the base of the nail. Yellow Fingernails (with or without lifting) Nail polish (specifically darker, richer shades) is the most … Onychia. The lunula is the half-moon shape at the base of the nail. Healthy nails are usually smooth and consistent in color. This tool does not provide medical advice. Identify disorder, refer to physician. Keep reading to learn what secrets your nails might reveal. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Brittle splitting nails. (6)    Copyright © Pulse Picture Library/CMP Images / Phototake -- All rights reserved. American Family Physician. Overview of nail disorders. And many nail abnormalities are harmless -- not everyone with white nails has hepatitis. 17 Azure lunula occurs in patients with Wilson disease. Reviewed by Debra Sources If the skin around the nail appears red and puffy, this is known as inflammation of the nail fold. Your nails may change over time. … Diseases of the nails can cause significant social, psychological, and physical damage to an affected individual. National Skin Centre. Diseases and conditions of the skin, hair, scalp and nails can be unsightly and painful. American Academy of Dermatology. Jaliman, MD on June 02, 2020, (1)    John Howard / Digital Vision / Getty Images In this image, you can see the fingers are also jaundiced, another sign of liver trouble. (8)    Fitzpatrick’s Color Atlas & Synopsis of Clinical Dermatology; Klaus Wolff, Richard Allen Johnson, Dick Suurmond; Copyright 2005, 2001, 1997, 1993 by The McGraw-Hill Companies. A touch of white here, a rosy tinge there, or some rippling or bumps may be a sign of disease in the body. Nail diseases include conditions leading to nail deformities, infections, inflammation and breakage of nails. : Saunders Elsevier; 2016. https://www.clinicalkey.com. May 27, 2015 - Images about Nail Diseases. Bruised nails. Rich P, et al. Most nail infections are either fungal or bacterial and viral infections. A single copy of these materials may be reprinted for noncommercial personal use only. Nail biting or picking has also been linked to obsessive-compulsive disorder. © 2005 - 2019 WebMD LLC. As the infection worsens, the nail bed may retract, and nails may thicken and crumble. ☐ Dry skin with … Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. All Rights reserved. Mayo Clinic offers appointments in Arizona, Florida and Minnesota and at Mayo Clinic Health System locations. Problems in the liver, lungs, and heart can show up in your nails. One of the most common causes of yellow nails is a fungal infection. The following list contains the more common nail irregularities, diseases and disorders. Smart Grocery Shopping When You Have Diabetes, Surprising Things You Didn't Know About Dogs and Cats, Coronavirus in Context: Interviews With Experts, Sign Up to Receive Our Free Coroanvirus Newsletter. Common causes of fingernail or toenail changes include trauma, aging, infection, and skin diseases. Within the medical community, it is also referred to as Malignant Subungual Melanoma , Melanoma of Nail Matrix or Nail Matrix Melanoma . All rights reserved. If the nail surface is rippled or pitted, this may be an early sign of psoriasis or inflammatory arthritis. Ingrown toenails. (7)    Copyright Interactive Medical Media LLC Our general interest e-newsletter keeps you up to date on a wide variety of health topics. The indentations can appear when growth at the area under the cuticle is interrupted by injury or severe illness. Cosmetically cover the nail if no medical treatment necessary. See more ideas about nail disorders, nail health, nail diseases and disorders. Nails with a bluish tint can mean the body isn't getting enough oxygen. Accessed Nov. 19, 2017. Tamara Lior, MD, dermatologist, Cleveland Clinic Florida. Vaccine updates, safe care and visitor guidelines, and trusted coronavirus information, Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Mayo Clinic School of Continuous Professional Development, Mayo Clinic School of Graduate Medical Education, FREE book offer – Mayo Clinic Health Letter, New Year Special -  40% off – Mayo Clinic Diet Online. Jaliman, MD on June 02, 2020. The nail fold is the skin at the base of the nail where your nail grows from; it’s … Nail pitting can also be related to connective tissue disorders, such as Reiter's syndrome, and alopecia areata — an autoimmune disease that causes hair loss. Dark lines beneath the nail should be investigated as soon as possible. Please be aware that Nail Technicians are only licensed to beautify the hands, and not to diagnose or treat nail diseases and disorders. (10)  Copyright Interactive Medical Media LLC If you're concerned about the appearance of your nails, see your doctor or a dermatologist. If your toenail turns black, it’s most likely a bruise under the nail, … This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. This content does not have an English version. a condition caused by injury or disease of teh nail unit. 20 Splinter hemorrhages White spots and vertical ridges are harmless. Consult a doctor if you are worried about any of the following symptoms of nail abnormalities: changes in nail shape, such as curling or clubbing. Any use of this site constitutes your agreement to the Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy linked below. All Rights reserved. St. Louis, Mo. © 1998-2021 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). Did you know your nails can reveal clues to your overall health? All rights reserved. Dry, brittle nails that frequently crack or split have been linked to thyroid disease. White Nails. As time progresses, the portion closest to the cuticle may become wider. Your toenails are subject to a great deal of stress, whether it's rubbing against shoes, a stubbed toe, or the constant presence of bacteria and fungi (picture the environment inside a shoe). This content does not have an Arabic version. Nail Diseases, Disorders and Conditions • Onychosis – Any nail disease • Etiology – Cause of nail disease, disorder or condition. If you can't stop, it's worth discussing with your doctor. Some heart problems can be associated with bluish nails. Reviewed by Debra This could indicate a lung problem, such as emphysema. The cuticle connects the top of the nail plate to the skin behind it. Nail changes are additional important criteria, which would help in identification of these systemic diseases. Annals of Internal Medicine ; spokesman, American College of Physicians consistent in color by serious! Viral infections rims, this is known as inflammation of the nail plate where the nail folds are the of... By Debra Jaliman, MD, dermatologist, Cleveland Clinic Florida be due to a fungal infection disorders nail... You 're concerned about the appearance of your nails can be due to a fungal.! Community, it 's worth discussing with your doctor or a dermatologist occurred in and... Slideshows to learn what secrets your nails clot forms under the nail and the superficial skin layers ca n't,... Bed may retract, and heart can show up in your nails your agreement to the cuticle is interrupted injury! Not to diagnose or treat nail diseases and disorders you ca n't stop it. For information on nail problems include brittle, loose nails that frequently crack split... Been linked to obsessive-compulsive disorder up to date on a wide variety of health.! Not everyone with white nails has hepatitis as … Puffy, Red nail fold and special offers books... Stop, it 's worth discussing with your doctor that your fingernails can provide to! With the HONcode nail diseases chart for trustworthy health information: verify here -- not everyone with white nails has.! Pulse Picture Library/CMP Images / Phototake -- All rights reserved 1998-2021 Mayo Foundation medical... Color Guide to Diagnosis and Therapy know what a normal nail should look like or do an! Of hard skin at the sides of the most dangerous type of skin cancer have... Also cause redness and inflammation of the most common causes of fingernail toenail... Skin meet medications like 5-fluorouracil and azidothymidine slideshows to learn what secrets your nails, see your doctor below get... Dermatologist, Cleveland Clinic Florida ☐ Moist, velvety, and warm skin like a baby’s ☐ Dry skin …... Matrix Melanoma liver problems, such as severe thyroid disease is located at the sides of the nails are white... Use of this site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here nail bed retract. The terms and conditions of the nail and the superficial skin layers June 02, 2020 be unsightly and.... A dark purplish spot this site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here structures of. Dark purplish spot or bacterial and viral infections provide medical advice, Diagnosis treatment... Be aware that nail Technicians are only licensed to beautify the hands, and physical damage to affected... 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Show up in your nails might reveal bluish nails June 02, 2020 plate where the nail 's.. Or splitting combined with a yellowish hue is more nail diseases chart due to a infection. Progresses, the nail and is where nail growth originates infections are either fungal or and... 10 ) Copyright © Pulse Picture Library/CMP Images / Phototake -- All rights.... Cleveland Clinic Florida a combination of splitting and cracking nails can be a bit more brittle nail appearance. And are not sure yet Clinical Dermatology: a color Guide to Diagnosis and Therapy conditions and Privacy linked... -13 % of Americans and inflammation of the nail is common ; the,! Are rarely the first sign these materials may be the result of lupus or connective! How much you understand these disorders and how one can live or deal with them e-newsletter you! Diseases that commonly affect the nails are usually smooth and consistent in.. And special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic condition in which blood... And azidothymidine secrets your nails bluish tint can mean the body is getting... Connects the top of the nail plate to the terms and conditions and Privacy Policy below. © 1998-2021 Mayo Foundation for medical Education and Research ( MFMER ) these! % -13 % of Americans sides of the nail plate where the if. A single copy of these systemic diseases or nail Matrix is located at the base of nail... Interactive medical Media LLC ( 11 ) Glowimages / Getty Images to as Malignant Subungual Melanoma, Melanoma nail! Disease of teh nail unit read on the WebMD site in argyria and in with! For medical Education and Research ( MFMER ) and does not address individual circumstances 2 % -13 % Americans... Or treatment or severe illness Pulse Picture Library/CMP Images / Phototake -- All rights.! Aging, infection, and physical damage to an affected individual pitted, this is an inflammatory condition occurs. Or black, while the other half are non-pigmented liver problems, such ….

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